Dr. Sven Bambach defended his dissertation, Analyzing Hands with First-Person Computer Vision, on August 22. He simultaneously received not one but two degrees — a PhD in Computer Science, and a PhD in Cognitive Science. We’re very pleased that he’ll stay at IU as our very first lab postdoc. Congratulations Sven!
The School of Informatics and Computing is pleased to welcome Prof. Michael Ryoo! Michael joins IU from the NASA Jet Propulsion Lab, where he was a Research Technologist. He received his B.S. degree from KAIST and his Ph.D. from the University of Texas at Austin. His research interests are in computer vision and robotics, with a particular focus on human activity recognition in video. He’s teaching a computer graduate computer vision seminar in Fall 2015 and an undergraduate computer vision course in Spring 2016.
Vision lab PI David Crandall, IU Privacy Lab PI Apu Kapadia, and Denise Anthony at Dartmouth College have been awarded a 4-year National Science Foundation award to study privacy in first-person and wearable camera devices. From the award abstract:
Cameras are now pervasive on consumer devices, including smartphones, laptops, tablets, and new wearable devices like Google Glass and the Narrative Clip lifelogging camera. The ubiquity of these cameras will soon create a new era of visual sensing applications, for example, devices that collect photos and videos of our daily lives, augmented reality applications that help us understand and navigate the world around us, and community-oriented applications, e.g., where cameras close to a crisis tasked with obtaining a real-time “million-eye view” of the scene to guide first responders in an emergency. These technologies raise significant implications for individuals and society, including both potential benefits for individuals and communities, but also significant hazards including privacy invasion for individuals, and, if unchecked, for society, as surveillance causes a chilling effect in the public square. This research couples a sociological understanding of privacy with an investigation of technical mechanisms to address these needs. Issues such as context (e.g., capturing images for public use may be okay at a public event, but not in the home) and content (are individuals recognizable?) will be explored both on technical and sociological fronts: What can we determine about images, what does this mean in terms of privacy risk, and how can systems protect against risk to privacy?
Specific research challenges to be addressed include formulating technical means through image and context analysis to improve the privacy of people captured in images; exploring the unique privacy needs of camera owners and how image and contextual analysis can improve privacy; and developing image transformations to afford privacy as well as enable novel applications using the cloud and crowdsourcing. Companion sociological studies will examine how context affects privacy perceptions, the impact on perception of new technologies, and image-sharing behavior. These studies will guide each other, ensuring that mechanisms for image transformation/privatization, non-visual transformations (e.g., altering or obscuring image metadata) and other techniques can improve both privacy protection against automated analysis and how they affect individual perceptions of the invasiveness of the technology. Through a deeper understanding of the privacy implications of such technologies from both a social and technical perspective, the proposed research has the potential for profound and positive societal impact by laying a foundation for privacy-sensitive visual sensing techniques for a society where cameras are ubiquitous.
Left to Right: Prof. David Crandall, Prof. David Leake, Haipeng, Prof. Johan Bollen, Prof. YY Ahn
Congratulations to the newest vision lab alum, Dr. Haipeng Zhang, on successfully defending his Ph.D. dissertation, Analyzing the Dynamics between User-sensed Data and the Real World. Haipeng’s work has studied how to use online and mobile data to estimate properties of and find connections in the physical world, demonstrated with applications to predicting consumer behavior, ecological events, mobile user properties, and concept relationships.
Left to Right: Prof. David Crandall, Prof. Devi Parikh (via Skype), Prof. David Leake, Prof. Russell Lyons (via Skype), Kun, and Prof. Kris Hauser.
Congratulations to Dr. Kun Duan on successfully Ph.D. defense! His thesis, Conditional Random Field Models for Structured Visual Object Recognition, presents novel CRF-based solutions for three computer vision applications: human pose recognition, large-scale multimodal image clustering, and local attribute discovery for object recognition.
In response to the rise of ubiquitous computing devices capable of recording images and video like Google Glass, the team developed “…PlaceAvoider, a technique for owners of first-person cameras to ‘blacklist’ sensitive spaces (like bathrooms and bedrooms). PlaceAvoider recognizes images captured in these spaces and flags them for review before the images are made available to applications. PlaceAvoider performs novel image analysis using both fine-grained image features (like specific objects) and coarse-grained, scene-level features (like colors and textures) to classify where a photo was taken.”
The IU Computer Vision Lab's projects and activities have been funded, in part, by grants and contracts from
the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR),
the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA),
Grant Thornton LLP,
the Indiana Innovation Institute (IN3),
the IU Data to Insight Center,
the IU Office of the Vice Provost for Research through an Emerging Areas of Research grant,
the IU Social Sciences Research Commons,
the Lilly Endowment,
National Science Foundation (IIS-1253549, CNS-1834899, CNS-1408730, BCS-1842817, CNS-1744748, IIS-1257141, IIS-1852294),
Office of Naval Research (ONR),
Pixm, Inc., and
the U.S. Navy. The views and conclusions contained herein are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies or endorsements, either expressed or implied, of the U.S. Government, or any sponsor.